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    Last weekend, gunman Robert Bowers opened fire in a Pittsburgh synagogue. He killed 11 Jewish people, making Sunday’s attack the deadliest act of anti-Semitism in U.S. history, reports CNN. As is typically the case with instances of gun violence, the shooting could have been prevented: CNN noted that Bowers had 21 registered guns and a long history of using anti-Semitic slurs, threats, and language online. Once police officers found him, Bowers announced, "I just want to kill Jews." 

    Bowers was an active member on Gab, a "free speech" alternative to Facebook and Twitter that amassed a large following among the alt-right. Just four hours before his attack, Bowers wrote, “I can’t sit by and watch my people get slaughtered…screw your optics, I’m going in” on his page on the site, according to The New York Times. The social media platform has since been temporarily taken down, as the site's web hosting and domain providers are pulling Gab's hosting service and domain names, respectively.

    Though this was the most violent attack on American Jews to date, it follows a disturbing and unsurprising pattern of anti-Semitism that has gained traction since Trump took office. In February, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) released a report that stated anti-Semitic incidents increased by almost 60% between 2016 and 2017, the highest one-year surge on record since ADL started collecting data in the 1970s. These crimes ranged from vandalism to verbal assault to bomb threats to physical attacks.

    “These incidents came at a time when we saw a rising climate of incivility, the emboldening of hate groups and widening divisions in society,” said ADL National Director Jonathan A. Greenblatt. “In reflecting on this time and understanding it better with this new data, we feel even more committed to our century-old mission to stop the defamation of the Jewish people, and to secure justice and fair treatment to all.”

    On his Gab profile, Bowers denounced Judaism and supported the conspiracy theory of “white genocide”—an anti-Semitic belief that Jews are trying to destroy the “white race” in countries like the U.S. “This is what the torch-bearing white supremacists who marched on the campus of the University of Virginia meant when they chanted ‘Jews will not replace us,’” wrote Alex Amend for the Southern Poverty Law Center

    Deborah E. Lipstadt, an Emory University professor of Holocaust history, told The New York Times that anti-Semitism in America lies dormant, but never really goes away. “Now I think it’s worse than it’s ever been,” Lipstadt said, adding that figures like Trump and Republicans in Congress are pushing and supporting unfounded conspiracy theories that “resonate with anti-Semites.”

    Bowers’ anti-Semitism is heavily rooted in xenophobia, as his Gab profile showed many hateful references to HIAS (the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society), the world’s oldest refugee resettlement organization. HIAS is a Jewish group that offers housing, advocacy, and legal help to vulnerable refugees in the U.S. While we mourn, there are also many tangible ways to take action, including getting involved with HIAS or making a donation in the name of those who died Sunday at the Tree of Life synagogue. 

    Right now, though, also make sure to reach out to your Jewish friends. Ask how they’re doing, and make sure they know that your friendship is a safe space for grieving, pain, and anger. People like Trump might say anti-Semitism is something they can't find "possible in this day and age," but for many American Jews, what happened on Sunday realized a series of fears and feeling of unsafety that have always existed and continued to worsen throughout Trump's time as President. Trump also, of course, added that the massacre had "little to do" with a need for stricter gun laws—a reminder to make sure you’re ready to vote November 6, if you haven’t already, and show your support for candidates who aren’t going to tolerate hate speech, hate crimes, and gun violence.

    Top photo via Tree of Life Synagogue

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    Nick Cannon, known for hosting the successful MTV show Wild ‘N Out, recently came under fire for comments he made on a podcast. Because of these comments, Cannon was fired from Viacom, which includes his deals with Nickelodeon and MTV. On the podcast, he was speaking with Professor Griff, a former member of the rap group Public Enemy who was kicked out for antisemitic comments in 1989, in which he said that Jewish people were responsible for the majority of the wickedness in the world.

    Throughout the podcast, Cannon talked about harmful antisemitic conspiracy theories such as the Rothschild Bank Theory, which suggests that Jewish families are in control of all of the money in the world. The conspiracy theories about Jewish people controlling the media, the weather, politics, the economy, and essentially the world are not new, they have been around for a long time. But they are dangerous and they are rooted in antisemitism: the idea of Jewish people being greedy and good with money is an antisemitic trope that dates back to the time in which they were forced to deal with money by Christians. Cannon also praised Louis Farrakhan, the Nation of Islam Leader, whose history with antisemitic comments is well documented. Ever since Trump’s reelection, we have seen antisemitic hate crimes rise, and just a little over a year and a half ago, we saw the Tree of Life Synagogue shooting, which took eleven lives.

    Cannon was also criticized for saying that he could not be antisemitic because Black people are the true Semites. The term Semite is generally defined as “a member of any of the peoples who speak or spoke a Semitic language, including in particular the Jews and Arabs.” But the word antisemitism has a complicated history. The word was created in 1879 by a German agitator and the word is somewhat of a misnomer – although it seems like it could apply to all people who fall under the term Semite, it really was created exclusively to talk about the hatred against Jewish people. The term was coined in order to have a more scientific-sounding term for the German word Judenhaas or Jew-hatred; this is tied to the idea of scientific racism, something we have seen throughout the history of America to target Black and indigenous people.

    The idea that Black people are the true Semites is also not new. It’s something that’s been said by the Black Hebrew Israelites as well. This group was designated as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center for its antisemitic views. The Black Hebrew Israelites, along with the Nation of Islam, have a history of antisemitism, and Cannon touting their talking points and praising their leaders is dangerous.

    When talking about Cannon, we need to deal with both white Jewish people’s antiblackness and antisemitism. There is definitely racism within the Jewish community among its white members, and this story amplifies it. Many white Jewish people are using this as a shield for their antiblackness, and many Black people are defending Cannon’s words and promoting his antisemitic conspiracy theories. This story highlights the divide between two communities when it should be a call for solidarity between them.

    Cannon’s remarks and subsequent firing come shortly after DeSean Jackson came under fire for using a quote that was falsely attributed to Adolf Hitler and quoting Farrakhan, along with accusations that rapper Ice Cube perpetuated antisemitism through support for Farrakhan and antisemitic conspiracy theories. Jackson has apologized for his remarks, while Ice Cube has not.

    Some people are defending Cannon, saying that he was fired for being an outspoken Black man and that he was only fired because of comments against white people. But Viacom’s statement clearly says that they severed ties with him due to his antisemitic comments. It’s important to note that reverse racism does not exist but antisemitism does. It is also important to realize that Cannon’s words are not just hurtful to Jewish people but they are particularly damaging to Black Jewish people, who already face discrimination from both the Jewish and Black communities. Twitter user @MalanasQueendom created a thread that explores both antiblackness and antisemitism, and the many ways in which they intersect. In the thread, Malana states that “I know lots of white Jewish people are racist. I know lots of Black people are anti-Semitic. I know these communities have hurt each other, and I know from personal experience it is much harder to be Black in the U.S. than it is to be Jewish. But all oppression is connected.”

    Over DM, Malana told BUST about her experience as a Black and Jewish person, and she gave us some insightful information about the intersections of the two identities. She ended up making a thread of her DMsand talked about her very personal experiences with both antisemitism and antiblack racism.

    "But this is not a zero sum game where only Jewish people or only Black people should get justice, reparations, or love. The enemy is not each other, it is white supremacy," Malana wrote in her thread.

    Malana also told BUST that her thread was not the textbook. "I was bombarded with comments saying something along the lines of 'But Jewish people have it better than Black people so why is this even important?'" she wrote. "For most of racialized history (starting with the inquisition, or with colonization, or even with the invasion of Ireland), Black people and indigenous people have been the absolute bottom of the white supremacy ladder. That doesn't mean Black people should use an anti-Semitic rung on the ladder to try to pull ourselves inches closer to the top."

    It is important to lift up voices of people like Malana, who can understand the nuances of both communities so that we can better understand how to defeat the common enemy of white supremacy. In her own words, "Black people aren't the enemy and Ashkenazi Jewish people aren't the enemy. The enemy is white supremacy."

    Not long after Cannon was fired, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar wrote an op-ed for The Hollywood Reporter asking where the outrage for the antisemitic comments was. Abdul-Jabbar wrote, “The lesson never changes, so why is it so hard for some people to learn: No one is free until everyone is free. As Martin Luther King Jr. explained: ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality.’ So, let’s act like it. If we’re going to be outraged by injustice, let’s be outraged by injustice against anyone.”

    This was mostly well-received, although Ice Cube tweeted out that The Hollywood Reporter had given “Kareem 30 pieces of silver to cut us down without even a phone call,” which led people to accuse him of further antisemitism. Suggesting that Abdul-Jabbar was paid to defend Jewish people against antisemitism furthers the antisemitic trope that Jewish people control the media. It’s also no mistake that Ice Cube used the phrasing “30 pieces of silver,” as that phrase is connected to Judas who sold Jesus out for that amount of money. It also references Jesus’s death, another antisemitic trope where people claim that the Jewish people killed Jesus.

    Jemele Hill also wrote an article following the DeSean Jackson incident for The Atlantic where she stated that “DeSean Jackson’s Hitler moment—and mine—showed that Black Americans’ experience of racism doesn’t automatically sensitize us toward other forms of prejudice.”

    We need white Jews to stand up for Black lives and confront their own antiblackness, especially towards Black Jewish people and Jews of color. Tikkun olam – a concept in Judaism that translates into "repair the world" – means that we have to be antiracist, even when some people from the Black community promote antisemitism. Our support for Black lives cannot be conditional. We cannot use Cannon's remarks and an excuse to further our community's antiblackness.

    Cannon has since apologized for his remarks and promised to do better, which is commendable. But the problem is much bigger than just his comments. The problem is with the white Jewish community’s antiblackness and the pervasiveness of antisemitism. Both antisemites and racists uplift white supremacy, and a step towards defeating it is solidarity between Black people and nonblack Jewish people, and — most importantly — support for Black Jewish people. Historically, the relationship with the Black community and the Jewish community has been complicated: there has been a mix of solidarity, conflict, and controversy. We need to listen to Jewish people of color, specifically Black Jews, who have the unique lived experience of facing both antisemitism and antiblack racism.

    We need to uplift the voices of Black Jewish activists like Dr. Chanda Prescod-Weinstein, April N. BaskinMichael W. TwittyMalana Krongelb, MaNishtanaBentley AddisonRebecca Pierce, and more. The problems of antisemitism and antiblack racism will not go away, especially if we don't all come together to defeat white supremacy. 

    Header image via Flickr Creative Commons / Jorge Gonzalez 

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