portrait of mademoiselle de lancey by carolus duran 1876

Considering how often corsets, crinolines, and towering headpieces were responsible for some hapless female’s untimely demise, it seems only fair that occasionally fashion should be credited with saving a historical lady’s life instead of putting an end to it. For an example of this, we need look no further than author and historian Margaret Drinkall’s newly published book The 19th Century Barnsley Murders. A collection of seventeen carefully detailed and impeccably sourced incidents of true crime that took place in the South Yorkshire town of Barnsley between the years 1829 and 1899, Drinkall’s book details a range of criminal conduct, from everyday instances of brutal and senseless violence to tales of body-snatching, poisoning, and even a vicious knife attack that was thwarted by a lady’s corset. It is the latter crime to which I draw your attention today.

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As Drinkall relates, Mary Sarah Phillips was a young, working class woman in Barnsley during the latter portion of the 19th century. Charles Williams was a twenty-two-year-old army deserter with a history of violence. He and Mary had lived together as husband and wife for four years, during which she had born him a son. In December of 1888, they agreed to separate and Mary went to live with her parents. Williams made several trips to her parents’ home, begging her to come back to him. Mary repeatedly refused. One day while out walking with her baby in her arms, Mary encountered Williams. He abducted the child and threatened to do Mary harm if she told anyone.

More than a week later, Mary received a note from Williams stating that their baby was ill. He requested that she meet him late at night in the park. Afraid of what he might do, Mary did not go alone. She was accompanied by a miner named Thomas Siddons. Unbeknownst to Mary, as she and Siddons walked together, engaged in casual conversation, Williams was watching them from across the way. Overcome with jealousy, he set upon them, stabbing Mary in the back. She fell to the ground and Williams fell on top of her, stabbing her repeatedly.

xray of woman in a corset 1907X-ray of woman in a corset, 1907

Corsets and stays of the 19th century were often stiffened with whalebone, steel, or other rigid inserts. By the 1880s, however, there was a scarcity of whalebone. Steel, in all its various incarnations, was increasingly popular as well as less expensive. Even so, a poor or working class young woman like Mary Phillips would likely not have had a brand new, state of the art corset. Instead, we can surmise that she had a strictly utilitarian undergarment which, while probably not as fashionable as those available at the time, was strong enough to deflect more than eight separate knife strikes to her torso. Not only that, but Mary’s corset managed to break the blade of Williams’ knife!

Before Williams could do her any more harm — and before Siddons could come to her aid — Mary was saved by a quick-thinking female bystander who swiftly approached and struck Williams over the back of the head with her umbrella. The police surgeon was summoned and, upon examining Mary:

“He found that Mary had been stabbed more than eight times in various parts of her body. She also had many defense wounds on her arms and hands, sustained as she had struggled with her assailant to try to prevent further injury to herself.”

Williams was arrested and brought before the magistrates, charged with “cutting and wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm.” He proclaimed his innocence to no avail. He was sent to stand trial at the West Riding Quarter Sessions at Sheffield Town Hall. At his trial, held in January of 1889, he was found guilty and sentenced to five years imprisonment. Upon hearing his sentence, Williams fainted.

This post originally appeared on mimimatthews.com and has been reprinted with permission.

 Mimi Matthews writes traditional historical romances set in 19th century England.  She is a member of Romance Writers of America (PRO), The Beau Monde, Savvy Authors, and English Historical Fiction Authors, and is currently represented by Serendipity Literary Agency in New York.  In her other life, she is an attorney with both a Juris Doctor and a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature.  She resides in California with her family – which includes an Andalusian dressage horse, a Sheltie, and two Siamese cats. Follow Mimi onFacebook, Twitter and MimiMatthews.com.

Top image: Portrait of Mademoiselle de Lancey by Carolus-Duran, 1876

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Mimi Matthews is the author of The Pug Who Bit Napoleon: Animal Tales of the 18th and 19th Centuries and A Victorian Lady’s Guide to Fashion and Beauty. Her articles on nineteenth-century history have been published on various academic and history sites, including the Victorian Web and the Journal of Victorian Culture. When not writing historical non-fiction, Mimi authors exquisitely proper historical romance novels. Her latest Victorian romance The Matrimonial Advertisement can be ordered at Amazon and Barnes & Noble. To learn more, please visit www.MimiMatthews.com.

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