Claudia Weill’s film Girlfriends was shown as part of the lineup on TCM’s Trailblazing Women series that took place last year.
The film was new to me and thought it deserved a write-up because it is the precursor to so many films and female friendships depicted on our screens today, including Nicole Holofcener’s Walking and Talking, Kristen Wiig’sBridesmaids, Frances Ha, and Lena Dunham’s Girls.
The plot is by now, familiar. Two best friends are living together, trying to make their way in a tough city like New York. One of the girls is in a serious relationship while the other is either single or struggling on the dating scene. The girl in the serious relationship moves on, either moving in with her boyfriend or getting engaged, and leaving the single friend feeling unmoored and alone. Usually, the single girl pursues her career or endures several dating disasters, all the while feeling more detached and abandoned by their friend. But the friendship usually remains intact , even as it changes and evolves. All of this happens in Girlfriends and despite seeing the same idea reiterated over the years in different film or TV shows, the depiction of female friendship is still refreshing and powerful.
Girlfriends varies the script a little bit. Anne (Anita Skinner) moves out to get married, altering her friendship with Susan (Melanie Mayron), but she continues to pursue a writing career. However, when she has a baby, it changes her plans and she finds understanding and solace in her friendship with Susan rather than her husband and new baby. Susan understands Anne’s ambitions and the film is one of the few that touches on not only female friendships changing, but the struggle for women to “have it all,” and the realities of what that means. While Anne doesn’t alter her career plans, it’s clear by the end of the movie that things have changed irrevocably for her.
Most of the film focuses on Susan’s struggle to adjust to her newfound solo life, navigating work, dating, and life in New York without her best friend. Susan wants to be a photographer, a serious one, with her pictures in galleries, rather than spending her time shooting bar mitzvahs and weddings. Susan has a dalliance with an older rabbi.
Of course, because her first feature film depicted a female friendship, Claudia Weill was somewhat pigeonholed as a director who was interested in women’s themes and making “women’s films.”
In fact, Weill has an impressive resume, working in the indie film world in its nascent stages, during which she directed Sesame Street, documentaries, and short films. Her leap to narrative film was due to lack of representation. “I never saw anyone who looked like me or my friends when I went to the movies,” Weill said in an interview.
Critics have suggested that her early career was hampered because she was unfairly stigmatized by being labeled a feminist filmmaker. By the time she made Girlfriends, she denied she was a feminist.
In a 1980 interview with Roger Ebert, he said we needed to get over using the term “women directors":
"It’s simply one of the things we’re going to get over, this business of thinking and writing about 'women directors.' To be sure, most movie directors are men. But they’re no longer necessarily men, and when Claudia Weill goes on tour to promote her new movie, she would like to be asked about the movie, rather than about the fact that it was directed by a woman."
Weill said in the interview that she was interested in making films about things she was interested in, which are broader than women-centric themes. “I think I’d make a movie about anything just so long as one element was there: I want to make movies about characters we’re rooting for.”
Growing up in a Swiss family, Weill said arts were to her family what sports are to American families, they were something you did on the weekends. Weill attended Radcliffe College, where she majored in Modern European History and Literature, but still managed to study photography, painting, and spend time making films. She cites the junior year of her college career as being transformative. She was a PA on a documentary about the Summer of Love in 1967 in Haight-Ashbury. “It was way too much fun to back to school after that summer,” Weill said.
To her family’s horror, Weill took a semester off from college to apprentice with Carl Lerner, a film editor. “He was a real supporter of women before it was cool.” Apprentices were not allowed near the creative editing process, but Weill said Lerner saw how interested she was in, so once the others left for the day, he would give her several reels from which to cut a sequence, and then meet her back in the editing suite at 7 am to give her feedback. “It was a real mentorship in storytelling, and how I fell in love with making movies.”
Upon graduation, she and Eli Noyes Jr. started a film company, Cyclops Films. In addition to work on Sesame Street, she made experimental and documentary shorts. She wrote the screenplay for one scripted short, "Joyce at 34," directed by Joyce Chopra, which received attention for both Chopra and Weill.
Actress Shirley MacLaine then recruited Weill to work on a documentary about China with her, The Other Half of the Sky. The acclaim garner for the film was instrumental in helping Weill expand and secure the grant money to help make her first feature, Girlfriends.
Girlfriends screened at Cannes and its reception led to Warner Brothers to pick it up for distribution. It was a critical success, but not a commercial one. Despite its lack of commercial prowess, Weill was offered a number of big studio directorial assignments after the success of Girlfriends. She chose a $7 million budgeted feature at Columbia Pictures, It’s My Turn.
The film was written by Eleanor Bergtein and starred Jill Clayburgh as a mathematician trying to figure out what she wants. “As far as the women’s movement goes,” Weill said, “the new film may actually be reactionary. Here’s a woman who has too much ‘space,’ too much freedom. She finds that she wants a messy relationship. And among our peers, you see a lot more babies these days than you might expect. This liberation isn’t enough. They feed women a line about having a career, realizing their potential, but by the time they hit 30, they realize it’s getting a little thin unless there’s someone to share it with. You can’t throw out the whole notion of caring for someone…even on the most selfish grounds.”
The film performed poorly at the box office, but upon an offer from Joe Papp, Weill turned to directing several plays in New York at the Public Theater, Manhattan Theatre Club, Williamstown, and then Sundance.
Upon marrying and having children, Weill and her family moved back to Los Angeles, where she began directing episodic television such as thirtysomething, Chicago Hope, and My So Called Life.
In addition to theater and television projects, she also teaches at USC and Columbia, where she tells her students to go for it. “Do what you love and stick with it. Don’t let yourself to be defined by other people’s expectations and opinions.” And perhaps most importantly, Weill believes at including everyone in the creative community. “So much of our sense of ourselves comes from the images we see on screen, that tell us how and who we should be. It’s time to turn that trail into a freeway for all people to tell their stories.”
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Lauren C. Byrd is a freelance writer and blogger. After leaving Tennessee post-college, she has lived in Los Angeles, update New York, Queens, and Los Angeles again. She loves to talk about women in film, but also cares about good TV, documentaries, podcasts, true crime, journalism and social justice.